Elmer McCollum

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Elmer McCollum

Narodenie 3. marec 1879
Fort Scott, Kansas
Úmrtie 15. november 1967 (88 rokov)
Baltimore, Maryland
Alma mater Yale University
Profesia biochemik

Elmer Verner McCollum (* 3. marec 1879 Fort Scott, Kansas; 15. november 1967 Baltimore, Maryland) bol americký biochemik.

McCollum študoval na University of Kansas. Promoval na Yale University, potom pracoval na University of Wisconsin. Od roku 1917 bol profesorom na Johns Hopkins University.

Objavil mnohé vitamíny, v roku 1897 spolu s Marguerite Davis vitamín B1. Retinol objavil v roku 1913 tiež spolu s Marguerite Davis.

V roku 1916 zaviedol označovanie vitamínov s veľkými písmenami abecedy.

Publikácie[upraviť | upraviť zdroj]

  • E. V. McCollum und M. Davis: The necessity of certain lipins in the diet during growth. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. Band 15, 1913, S. 167–175.
  • E. V. McCollum und C. Kennedy: The dietary factors operating in the production of polyneuritis. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. Band 24, 1916, S. 491–502.
  • E. V. McCollum, N. Simmonds, J. E. Becker und P. G. Shipley: Studies on experimental rickets. XXI. An experimental demonstration of the existence of a vitamin which promotes calcium deposition. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Band 53, 1922, S. 293–312.
  • A History of Nutrition: The Sequence of Ideas in Nutrition Investigations. Houghton Mifflin, Boston 1957.
  • From Kansas Farm Boy to Scientist. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence 1964.

Literatúra[upraviť | upraviť zdroj]

  • Donald R. Davis: Some Legacies of Nutrition Pioneer E. V. McCollum. In: Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Band 82(3), 1979, S. 133–145.
  • Alfred Sommer: New Imperatives for an Old Vitamin (A) : VII. E. V. McCollum International Lectureship in Nutrition. In: Journal of Nutrition. Band 119 No. 1 January 1989, S. 96–100.
  • Rosenfeld, Louis: Vitamine – vitamin. The early years of discovery. In: Clinical Chemistry. Band 43 No. 4, 1997, S. 680–685.
  • George Wolf: The discovery of the visual function of vitamin A. In: Journal of Nutrition. Band 131, 2001, S. 1647–1650.
  • Robert D. Simoni, Robert L. Hill und Martha Vaughan: Nutritional Biochemistry and the Discovery of Vitamins: the Work of Elmer Verner McCollum. In: The journal of biological chemistry. Band 277, Nr. 19, 8, 10. Mai. 2002.

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