Súbor:Giovanni Gentile.png

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English: Philosopher Giovanni Gentile's portrait
Italiano: Fotografia che ritrae il filosofo Giovanni Gentile
Dátum
English: First period of XX century (before 1930)
Italiano: Primi decenni del Novecento
Zdroj [1]
Autor neznámý
Unknown author
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Public domain

Toto dílo je volné také v zemích, jejichž právní řád chrání majetková autorská práva po dobu života autora a 70 let po jeho smrti.


Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Jamaica has 95 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term. Copyright may extend on works created by French who died for France in World War II (more information), Russians who served in the Eastern Front of World War II (known as the Great Patriotic War in Russia) and posthumously rehabilitated victims of Soviet repressions (more information).

Gentile worked early in his career in close co-operation and agreement with Benedetto Croce but a rift later separated them. This first involved philosophical disagreement then political divergence. Gentile supported the fascist regime of Benito Mussolini while Croce remained loyal to a form of liberalism. Gentile's 'fascism' is by no means deducible from his general philosophy. It is true that he espoused a form of political organicism, which threw the centre of attention towards the state and away from the citizen, but this has no directly and specifically fascist implications. Gentile may have supported fascism on grounds of nationalism and authoritarianism but neither of these had any logically firm basis in his general philosophy. His support for Mussolini waned; he held political office in the mid-1920s, then retired from active politics in order to edit the Enciclopedia Italiana di scienze, lettere ed arti. But he returned to politics at the disastrous end (for fascism) of the Second World War and served in Mussolini's politically ineffectual 'Social Republic' or Repubblica Sociale Italiana, formed in 1943. He was brutally killed by communist partisans in March 1944 en route to plead for a student who was in trouble with the fascist authorities.

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dátum/časNáhľadrozmerypoužívateľkomentár
aktuálna15:35, 4. marec 2018Náhľad verzie z 15:35, 4. marec 2018546 × 660 (221 KB)Pizzopcorrezioni
15:33, 4. marec 2018Náhľad verzie z 15:33, 4. marec 2018546 × 660 (219 KB)Pizzopcorrezioni
09:48, 1. február 2018Náhľad verzie z 09:48, 1. február 2018546 × 660 (121 KB)Lorem IpsumHQ
15:55, 20. september 2017Náhľad verzie z 15:55, 20. september 2017284 × 324 (82 KB)ReameReverted to version as of 15:26, 21 January 2013 (UTC)
10:52, 19. október 2014Náhľad verzie z 10:52, 19. október 2014426 × 486 (138 KB)SteveR2quality
15:26, 21. január 2013Náhľad verzie z 15:26, 21. január 2013284 × 324 (82 KB)Reameimproving
18:38, 27. marec 2009Náhľad verzie z 18:38, 27. marec 2009284 × 324 (83 KB)Reame{{Information |Description={{en|1=Philosopher Giovanni Gentile's portrait}} {{it|1=Fotografia che ritrae il filosofo Giovanni Gentile }} |Source=[http://www.phillwebb.net/history/twentiethcentury/Continental/Idealism/Gentile/Gentile.htm] |Author=Reame

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