Súbor:Mars 1 NASA.jpg

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English: (November 1, 1962) Mars 1 was an automatic interplanetary station launched in the direction of Mars, with the intent of flying by the planet at a distance of about 11,000 km. It was designed to image the surface and send back data on cosmic radiation, micrometeoroid impacts and Mars' magnetic field, radiation environment, atmospheric structure, and possible organic compounds.

After leaving Earth orbit, the spacecraft and the booster fourth stage separated and the solar panels were deployed. Early telemetry indicated that there was a leak in one of the gas valves in the orientation system so the spacecraft was transferred to gyroscopic stabilization. Sixty-one radio transmissions were held, initially at two day intervals and later at 5 days in which a large amount of interplanetary data were collected.

On 21 March 1963, when the spacecraft was at a distance of 106,760,000 km from Earth on its way to Mars communications ceased, probably due to failure of the spacecraft orientation system. Mars 1 closest approach to Mars occurred on 19 June 1963 at a distance of approximately 193,000 km, after which the spacecraft entered a heliocentric orbit.
Zdroj https://www.flickr.com/photos/44494372@N05/7651156756/in/photolist-cE7bkN-ekUU2i-9YhTYB-7i4kKP-8GuEbw-eFFxhC-6yVTvN-6yRNT2-8e7mTA-5tRFP6-dH8Ad1-eFFxmq-55v8T6-em1ENC-8Btpnx-dgYdK7-9aYFTj-cE79Tb-8GrsGc-ekUTX8-9dCuyN-5tVWBC-5tRFwT-cE7aWL-8wyS4T-8phfdx-8Gru5B-93mnqF-771WJ7-56ST1R-76WYnR-cE7aaf-76X9U4-76Xc68-772G99-76X35k-7726gh-772Y1E-772ZsC-772Wym-76Y3N6-76Y6zH-76Y5i4-77Rb16-76Yhbk-76Y4ra-771Ymf-76WZNH-76X8Y4-772YCb-771ZRN
Autor NASA


Public domain
This file is in the public domain in the United States because it was solely created by NASA. NASA copyright policy states that "NASA material is not protected by copyright unless noted". (See Template:PD-USGov, NASA copyright policy page or JPL Image Use Policy.)
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Checked copyright icon.svg This image was originally posted to Flickr by NASA on The Commons at https://flickr.com/photos/44494372@N05/7651156756. It was reviewed on 2017-08-03 20:37:49 by FlickreviewR, who found it to be licensed under the terms of the No known copyright restrictions, which is compatible with the Commons. It is, however, not the same license as given above, and it is unknown whether that license ever was valid.

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aktuálna12:55, 18. august 2013Náhľad verzie z 12:55, 18. august 2013512 × 700 (80 KB)Numéro 1963User created page with UploadWizard

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