Kombi

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Mercedes-Benz triedy E S210 T-Modell
Volvo 850 R Estate

Kombi alebo tiež combi je typ karosérie osobných automobilov, ktorého strešná línia je predĺžená smerom dozadu,[1] ponad celé auto a batožinový priestor, ku ktorému je prístup zozadu cez takmer vertikálne tretie alebo piate dvere batožinového priestoru. Tento typ karosérie obsahuje okrem stĺpikov A, B a C, tiež aj D stĺpik. Pri typoch kombi je možné flexibilne reorganizovať priestor interiéru, prostredníctvom sklápacích zadných sedadiel podľa priority počtu cetujúcich alebo objemu nákladu.[2][3]

Názvy[upraviť | upraviť zdroj]

Názov kombi (combi) sa používa okrem Slovenska tiež v nemecky hovoriacich krajinách a je odvodený od kombinácie účelu vozidla, ktoré je určené na prepravu osôb a aj nákladu. V Severnej Amerike,[4] kde pred železničnými stanicami postávali taxikári s takto upravenými vozidlami, vznikol názov station wagon (SW). V Anglicku sa používa názov estate a vo Francúzsku break.

Označenie sa líši tiež podľa výrobcu. Tu je zoznam príkladov:

Referencie[upraviť | upraviť zdroj]

  1. HILLIER, Victor; COOMBES, Peter. Hillier's Fundamentals of Motor Vehicle Technology: Volume 1. [s.l.] : Nelson Thornes, 2004. (5..) The estate body, also known as station wagons in some countries, has the roofline extended to the rear of the body to enlarge its internal capacity. Folding the rear seats down gives a large floor area for the carriage of luggage or goods. Stronger suspension springs are fitted at the rear to support the extra load. Hatchback: The hatchback is generally based on a saloon body but with the boot or trunk area blended into the centre section of the body. The hatchback is therefore halfway between a saloon and estate car. This type of body is very popular due to its versatility and style. Although some hatchbacks are in fact saloon bodies with the boot or trunk effectively removed (usually the smaller cars), many hatchbacks retain the full length of the saloon but the roofline extends down to the rear of the vehicle. As with the saloon bodies, a hatchback can have two or four passenger doors, however there is a tendency to refer to hatchbacks as three or five doors because the rear compartment lid (or tailgate) is also referred to as a door on the hatchback bodies. As with the estate, the rear seats fold down to give a flat floor for the transportation of luggage or other objects. When the tailgate is closed, the luggage compartment is usually covered with a parcel shelf.. Dostupné online. ISBN 978-0-7487-8082-2. S. 11.
  2. JAZAR, G. Nakhaie. Vehicle Dynamics: Theory and Application. [s.l.] : Springer-Verlag, 2008. Hatchback: Hatchback cars are identified by a rear door including the back window, that opens to access a storage area that is not separated from the rest of the passenger compartment. A hatchback may have two or four doors and two or four seats. They are also called three-door or five-door cars. A hatchback car is called a liftback when the opening area is very sloped and is lifted up to open. Station Wagon: A station wagon or wagon is a car with a full-height body all the way to the rear; the load carrying space created is accessed via a rear door or doors.. Dostupné online. ISBN 978-0-387-74243-4. S. 30, 1.8.3 Passenger Car Body Styles.
  3. ERJAVEC, Jack. Automotive Technology: a Systems Approach Chapter 4,. [s.l.] : Cengage Learning, 2004. Liftback or Hatchback: The distinguishing feature of this vehicle is its luggage compartment, which is an extension of the passenger compartment. Access to the luggage compartment is gained through an upward opening hatch-type door. A car of this design can be a three- or five-door model; the third or fifth door is the rear hatch. Station Wagon: A station wagon is characterized by its roof which extends straight back, allowing a spacious interior luggage compartment in the rear. The rear door, which can be opened numerous ways depending on the model, provides access to the luggage compartment. Station wagons come in two and four-door models and have space for up to nine passengers.. Dostupné online. ISBN 978-1-4018-4831-6. S. 55, Body Styles.
  4. Svět motorů 18/2007, str. 26

Iné projekty[upraviť | upraviť zdroj]

Zdroj[upraviť | upraviť zdroj]

Tento článok je čiastočný alebo úplný preklad článku Station wagon na anglickej Wikipédii.